Linux Directory Structure

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Linux Directory Structure

Understanding the Linux directory structure is fundamental to mastering the OS that powers the majority of servers worldwide.


– / – The Root Directory: The foundation of the file system.

– /𝗯𝗶𝗻 – Essential User Binaries: Houses vital commands for user interactions.

– /𝗯𝗼𝗼𝘁 – Boot Loader Files: Contains the boot loader and kernel files.

– /𝗱𝗲𝘃 – Device Files: Special files representing system devices.

– /𝗲𝘁𝗰 – Configuration Files: Holds system-wide configuration files and scripts.

– /𝗵𝗼𝗺𝗲 – Home Directories: Personal space for user accounts.

– /𝗹𝗶𝗯 – System Libraries: Critical shared libraries and kernel modules.

– /𝗺𝗲𝗱𝗶𝗮 – Removable Media: Default mount point for external storage devices.

– /𝗺𝗻𝘁 – Mount Directory: Used for mounting temporary file systems.

– /𝗼𝗽𝘁 – Optional Applications: Additional third-party software applications.

– /𝗽𝗿𝗼𝗰 – Process Information: Virtual directory with system and process information.

– /𝗿𝗼𝗼𝘁 – Root Home Directory: Home directory for the root user.

– /𝗿𝘂𝗻 – Application State: Contains runtime system information since the last boot.

– /𝘀𝗯𝗶𝗻 – System Binaries: Essential system administration binaries.

– /𝘀𝗿𝘃 – Service Data: Provides data for services hosted by the system.

– /𝘀𝘆𝘀 – System Files: A pseudo-file system providing access to kernel internals.

– /𝘁𝗺𝗽 – Temporary Files: Accessible space for storing temporary files.

– /𝘂𝘀𝗿 – User Programs: Repository for most user and system applications.

– /𝘃𝗮𝗿 – Variable Files: Directory for files that change frequently such as logs and caches.

Understanding this structure is like having a map of the Linux universe.

Source By: brijpandeyji

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